A beautiful rose garden can be a lovely addition to any yard, and with some maintenance, even for a beginner, flower gardening can be done without trouble. A rose garden is a good backyard gardening idea.
Starting a rose garden is fairly easy, even for the beginning gardener, but there are many steps. Here are some tips on growing roses for a beginner:
The first step is to pick the spot. Roses like sunlight, and need at least 8 hours of it during the day. Morning sun is preferable to afternoon sun, although the full day of sunlight is best.
The next step is to prepare the soil. Roses are not weak flowers, but they fare better in soil with good drainage and a pH of about 6 – 7. The soil should also be high in organic material. If soil does not have good drainage, the plants are more susceptible to disease and the roots are more susceptible to rot. Add some organic material, such as cow manure, as well as peat moss and compost. If a fertilizer is wanted, there is the choice between either an organic fertilizer or a chemical fertilizer.
Give the soil a break of a few days, allowing it to settle.
The next step is to buy the roses. There are many choices available, from climbing roses to bushes, as well as different colors and breeds of roses. When buying roses, there is also the option of own root roses or grafted roses. The difference between own root and grafted roses is that grafted roses are weaker roses grafted onto a hardier rootstock. The disadvantage to grafted roses can be that if the rose dies in the winter, it will come back as a different type of rose, the rootstock rose, which is usually not the desired rose. However, some varieties of roses, such as many tea roses, are only available as grafted roses.
The last step to starting a rose garden is to plant the roses. It is important to be careful not to damage the roses, as any cuts can make a rose plant more susceptible to future disease, and a harder to take care of rose. The two types of roses available for purchase are bare root and container roses. For bare root roses, the roots need to be moist. Stick the roots into a bucket of water and fish emulsion or other organic material, until moist. Pull out the roots and cut off any mushy parts.
To plant either bare root or containerized roses, first dig holes where the roses are to be planted. At the bottom of each hole, either add some potassium from the garden centre, or a banana peel will work as well. Locate the spot on the rose plant where the bulb joins the roots to the stems. This should not be buried in mild climates, but in cooler climates it should be as many as 3 inches under ground.
After a rose garden is planted with new plants, these new plants need to be babied. A daily watering for three weeks, so long as the water is draining, will give roses the best chance of flourishing. When watering, be careful to water the soil and not watering over top of the plant, as moist leaves become a welcoming home to fungi. After the plants have grown, many rose bushes will need pruning.
Local garden centers, the internet, and neighbors are all good places to get beginner gardening tips. With patience and effort, a rose garden can become a thing of beauty.